IL-31 is an inflammatory cytokine that helps trigger cell-mediated immunity against pathogens. Activates STAT3 and possibly STAT1 and STAT5 through the IL31 heterodimeric receptor composed of IL31RA and OSMR. It has also been identified as a major player in a number of chronic inflammatory diseases, including atopic dermatitis. May function in skin immunity. IL-31 is produced by a variety of cells, namely type 2 helper (TH2) T-cells. IL-31 sends signals through a receptor complex made of IL-31RA and oncostatin M receptor ? (OSMR?) expressed in immune and epithelial cells. These signals activate three pathways: ERK1/2 MAP kinase, PI3K/AKT, and JAK1/2 signaling pathways.