This protein carries a human IgG1 Fc fragment at the C-terminus, followed by a polyhistidine tag. The Avi tag (Avitag™) is inserted in-between the Fc and his tags. The protein has a calculated MW of 44.4 kDa. The protein migrates as 50-66 kDa on a SDS-PAGE gel under reducing (R) condition due to glycosylation and 100-130 kDa under non-reducing (NR) condition.
Biotinylation of this product is performed using Avitag™ technology. Briefly, the single lysine residue in the Avitag is enzymatically labeled with biotin.
The biotin to protein ratio is 0.5-1 as determined by the HABA assay.
Less than 1.0 EU per μg by the LAL method.
>95% as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Lyophilized from 0.22 μm filtered solution in PBS, pH7.4. Normally trehalose is added as protectant before lyophilization.
Contact us for customized product form or formulation.
Please see Certificate of Analysis for specific instructions.
For best performance, we strongly recommend you to follow the reconstitution protocol provided in the CoA.
For long term storage, the product should be stored at lyophilized state at -20°C or lower.
Please avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
No activity loss was observed after storage at:
4-8°C for 12 months in lyophilized state;
-70°C for 3 months under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Biotinylated Human PD-1, His Tag, Fc Tag on SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions. The gel was stained overnight with Coomassie Blue. The purity of the protein is greater than 95%.
Immobilized Human PD-L1, Fc Tag (Cat. No. PD1-H5258) at 5 μg/mL (100 µl/well) can bind Biotinylated Human PD-1, His Tag, Fc Tag (Cat. No. PD1-H82F2) with a linear range of 0.01-0.1 μg/mL (QC tested).
Flow Cytometry assay shows that recombinant Biotinylated Human PD-1, His Tag, Fc tag (Cat No. PD1-H82F2) can bind to 293 cell overexpressing human PD-L1. The concentration of PD-1 used is 1 μg/ml (Routinely tested).
FACS analysis shows that the binding of Biotinylated Human PD-1, His Tag, Fc tag to 293 overexpressing PD-L1 was inhibited by increasing concentration of neutralizing anti-PD-L1 antibody. The concentration of PD1 used is 1μg/ml. The IC50 is 0.362 μg/ml (Routinely tested).
Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) is also known as CD279 and PDCD1, is a type I membrane protein and is a member of the extended CD28/CTLA-4 family of T cell regulators. PDCD1 is expressed on the surface of activated T cells, B cells, macrophages, myeloid cells and a subset of thymocytes. PD-1 has two ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2, which are members of the B7 family. PD-L1 is expressed on almost all murine tumor cell lines, including PA1 myeloma, P815 mastocytoma, and B16 melanoma upon treatment with IFN-γ. PD-L2 expression is more restricted and is expressed mainly by DCs and a few tumor lines. PD1 inhibits the T-cell proliferation and production of related cytokines including IL-1, IL-4, IL-10 and IFN-γ by suppressing the activation and transduction of PI3K/AKT pathway. In addition, coligation of PD1 inhibits BCR-mediating signal by dephosphorylating key signal transducer. In vitro, treatment of anti-CD3 stimulated T cells with PD-L1-Ig results in reduced T cell proliferation and IFN-γ secretion. Monoclonal antibodies targeting PD-1 that boost the immune system are being developed for the treatment of cancer.
Gastric adenocarcinoma, Non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), Diffuse large B cell lymphoma, Renal cell carcinoma, Urothelial cancer, Solid tumours, Squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck cancer (SCCHN), Hodgkin lymphoma, Gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma, Melanoma
Nasopharyngeal cancer, Small cell lung cancer (SCLC), Non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), Esophagus cancer, Soft tissue sarcoma, Metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC), Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), Hodgkin lymphoma