Measured by its ability to hydrolyze the substrate N-acetyl-L-Asp-L-Glu into N-acetyl-L-Asp and L-Glu. The L-Glu product is measured by fluorescence after its derivatization by ortho-phthaldialdehyde. The specific activity is >300 pmol/min/μg, as measured under the described conditions (QC tested).
Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is also known as Folate hydrolase 1 (FOLH1), Glutamate carboxypeptidase 2 (GCP2), N-acetylated-alpha-linked acidic dipeptidase I (NAALAD1), which belongs to the peptidase M28 family and M28B subfamily. FOLH1 / PSMA is stable at pH greater than 6.5. FOLH1 / PSMA is a type II transmembrane zinc metallopeptidase that is most highly expressed in the nervous system, prostate, kidney, and small intestine. FOLH1 / GCP-2 is homodimer and binds 2 zinc ions per subunit, and required for NAALADase activity. The catalytic activity of PSMA involved in releasing of an unsubstituted, C-terminal glutamyl residue, typically from Ac-Asp-Glu or folylpoly – gamma - glutamates. FOLH1 / GCP-2 / PSMA has both folate hydrolase and N – acetylated – alpha – linked - acidic dipeptidase (NAALADase) activity and has a preference for tri-alpha-glutamate peptides. GCP-2 / PSMA involved in prostate tumor progression and also exhibits a dipeptidyl-peptidase IV type activity. In vitro, cleaves Gly-Pro-AMC.