It's been reported that SARS-CoV-2 can infect the human respiratory epithelial cells through interaction with the human ACE2 receptor. The spike protein is a large type I transmembrane protein containing two subunits, S1 and S2. S1 mainly contains a receptor binding domain (RBD), which is responsible for recognizing the cell surface receptor. S2 contains basic elements needed for the membrane fusion.The S protein plays key parts in the induction of neutralizing-antibody and T-cell responses, as well as protective immunity.
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Limited Use Label License No. 18: Engineered Coronavirus Spike Proteins
This product and its use is the subject of U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 63/032,502 and sold under a license from The University of Texas at Austin. Rights to use this product are limited to research and clinical diagnostics, and expressly exclude the right to use in human therapeutics, vaccines, and any use involving the administration of this product to humans.