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HVEM

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HVEM Molecule Synonym Name

TNFRSF14,ATAR,HVEA,HVEM,LIGHTR,TR2,CD270

HVEM Molecule Background

Herpesvirus entry mediator (HVEM) is also known as TNFRSF14, TR2 (TNF receptorlike molecule) and ATAR (another TRAF associated receptor), is a type I membrane protein belonging to the TNF/NGF receptor superfamily. HVEM expression has been detected in peripheral blood T cells, B cells, monocytes and in various tissues enriched in lymphoid cells. The extracellular domain of HVEM has been shown to interact directly with the herpes simplex virus envelope glycoprotein D (gD). Two TNF superfamily ligands, including the secreted TNF¦Â (lymphotoxin ¦Á) and the membrane protein LIGHT (lymphotoxins, exhibits inducible expression, and competes with HSV glycoprotein D for HVEM, a receptor expressed by T lymphocytes), have been shown to be the cellular ligands for HVEM. Besides HVEM, LIGHT can also interact with LT¦ÂR, the receptor for lymphotoxin ¦Á¦Â heterotrimer. The role of the HVEM LIGHT /LT¦Â receptor ligand pair in immune function and herpesvirus pathobiology remains to be elucidated.

HVEM References

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