Carbonic Anhydrase XIV
Carbonic anhydrase XIV (CA14),a member of the alpha-carbonic anhydrase family, is also known as carbonate dehydratase XIV, which is a single-pass type I membrane protein. Carbonic anhydrases (CAs) are a large family of zinc metalloenzymes that catalyze the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide. CA14 shares highest sequence similarity with the other transmembrane CA isoform, CA XII; however, they have different patterns of tissue-specific expression and thus may play different physiologic roles. As for tissue specificity,CA14 is high expressed in all parts of the central nervous system and lower expressed in adult liver, heart, small intestine, colon, kidney, urinary bladder and skeletal muscle.
Clinical and Translational Updates