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EphA2

Brief Information

Name:Ephrin type-A receptor 2
Target Synonym:Soluble EPHA2 Variant 1,EC 2.7.10.1,CTRCT6,ARCC2,CTPP1,CTPA,Receptor, EphA2,Ephrin type-A receptor 2,Epithelial cell kinase,EPHA2,EPH Receptor A2,Tyrosine-Protein Kinase Receptor ECK,ECK,EC 2.7.10,EC:2.7.10.1,Epithelial Cell Receptor Protein Tyrosine Kina
Number of Launched Drugs:2
Number of Drugs in Clinical Trials:3
Lastest Research Phase:Approved

Synonym Name

EphA2,ECK

Background

Receptor tyrosine kinase which binds promiscuously membrane-bound ephrin-A family ligands residing on adjacent cells, leading to contact-dependent bidirectional signaling into neighboring cells. The signaling pathway downstream of the receptor is referred to as forward signaling while the signaling pathway downstream of the ephrin ligand is referred to as reverse signaling. Activated by the ligand ephrin-A1/EFNA1 regulates migration, integrin-mediated adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of cells. Regulates cell adhesion and differentiation through DSG1/desmoglein-1 and inhibition of the ERK1/ERK2 (MAPK3/MAPK1, respectively) signaling pathway. Engaged by the ligand ephrin-A5/EFNA5 may regulate lens fiber cells shape and interactions and be important for lens transparency development and maintenance. With ephrin-A2/EFNA2 may play a role in bone remodeling through regulation of osteoclastogenesis and osteoblastogenesis.

Clinical and Translational Updates

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