The bio-activity of ActiveMax® Human Activin A, Tag Free, low endotoxin (Cat. No. ACA-H421b) was determined by dose-dependent inhibition of the proliferation of MPC-11 cells. The EC50 for this effect is typically ≤ 9.5 ng/mL (Routinely tested).
The bio-activity of Human Latent Activin A, His Tag (Cat. No. ACA-H424x) was determined by dose-dependent inhibition of the proliferation of MPC-11 cells. The EC50 for this effect is typically 47-66 ng/mL (Routinely tested).
Activin and inhibin are two closely related protein complexes that have almost directly opposite biological effects. Activin enhances FSH biosynthesis and secretion, and participates in the regulation of the menstrual cycle. Many other functions have been found to be exerted by activin, including roles in cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, metabolism, homeostasis, immune response, wound repair, and endocrine function. Conversely inhibin down regulates FSH synthesis and inhibits FSH secretion.Activins are nonglycosylated homodimers or heterodimers of various ¦Â subunits (¦ÂA, ¦ÂB, ¦ÂC, and ¦ÂE in mammals), while Inhibins are heterodimers of a unique ¦Á subunit and one of the ¦Â subunits. Activin A is a widely expressed homodimer of two ¦ÂA chains. The ¦ÂA subunit can also heterodimerize with a ¦ÂB or ¦ÂC subunit to form Activin AB and Activin AC, respectively. The 14 kDa mature human ¦ÂA chain shares 100% amino acid sequence identity with bovine, feline, mouse, porcine, and rat ¦ÂA.