Apolipoprotein A-II(APO-A2) stabilize HDL (high density lipoprotein) structure by its association with lipids, and affect the HDL metabolism. It is produced by the liver and is involved in cholesteryl ester formation and cholesterol transport from tissues to the liver. Recent studies have established the interaction between APOA2 -256T>C polymorphism and dietary saturated fatty acids intake in relation to obesity on healthy individuals. Significant interaction between APOA2-saturated fatty acids intake and body mass index (BMI). The result of this study confirmed the interaction between APOA2 -256T>C polymorphism and SFAs intake with BMI in type 2 diabetic patients.