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Your Position: Home > Antibody drug application > Evaluation of CAR Expression
Evaluation of CAR Expression
Release time: 2021-05-24 Source: acrobiosystems Read: 21997

Evaluating CAR expression is an essential step in the production of CAR-T cells. This is often done by flow cytometry,using protein L, anti-Fab antibodies, anti-idiotypic antibody or target antigens as detection antibodies. Among these common choices, target antigens are widely considered to be the best option, because it offers high specificity and minimal background staining.

Click to download the Guidance for CAR detection

ReagentsMechanismProsCons
Target Antigens
  1. Specifically bind to the antigen-binding domains of CARs.

  1. High specificity

  2. Minimal background staining

  1. High cost

  2. Each unique CAR has to be stained with corresponding antigens

Protein L
  1. Binds to the kappa light chain of immunoglobulin.

  1. Universal and low cost

  1. High background staining.

  2. Cannot detect the anti-lambda light chain CAR

Anti-Fab antibody
  1. Binds to the Fab portion of immunoglobulin.

  1. Universal and low cost

  1. High background staining

Anti-idiotypic Antibody
  1. Specifically bind to the antigen-binding domains of CARs.

  1. High specificity;

  2. High sensitivity

  3. Minimal background staining.

  1. Each unique CAR has to be stained with corresponding Anti- idiotypic Antibody.

  2. Most need to be customized and customization is very time-consuming

Please feel free to contact us by cart@acrobiosystems.com if you have any questions.

Case Studies

Case No.1 Evaluation of anti-BCMA CAR expression using biotinylated BCMA

  • Reagents:Biotinylated human BCMA protein, Fc & Avi Tag (ACROBiosystems, Cat. No. BC7-H82F0);PE Streptavidin (Biolegend, Cat. No. 405204).

  • Samples:Anti-BCMA CAR-transduced human primary T-cells.

  • Brief Protocol:

    1.Transduce human primary T-cells with a lentiviral vector to express anti-BCMA CAR;2.Three days post-transduction, cells were stained with a biotinylated human BCMA protein (ACROBiosystems, Cat. No. BC7-H82F0);3.After washing, secondary labeling was performed with PE Streptavidin;4.The cells were analyzed using BD FACSCaliburTM flow cytometer, and the data was analyzed with FCS Express 6 Plus software.
  • Results:The data showed that the expression of anti-BCMA CARs on transduced T cell surface from donor 1 and donor 2 were 52.72% and 73.49%, respectively.

  • Human T cells were transfected with anti-BCMA CAR and cultured for 3 days. Three days post-transfection, 1x106 cells were first incubated with 50ul biotinylated human BCMA protein (Cat. No. BC7-H82F0, 8ug/ml ), washed and then stained with PE Streptavidin and analyzed by flow cytometry. (Data are kindly provided by PREGENE Biopharma)
                 

Case No.2 Evaluation of anti-CD19 CAR expression using FITC-labeled CD19 protein

  • Reagents:FITC-labeled Human CD19 (20-291) Protein (ACROBiosystems, Cat. No. CD9-HF2H2).

  • Samples:Anti-CD19 CAR-293 cells.

  • Brief Protocol:

    1.Culture anti-CD19 CAR-293 cells in DMEM medium with 10% FBS in the CO2 incubator (at 37°C, 5% CO2). 2.Harvest the cells and wash the cells once by wash buffer. 3.Count the cells number and the viability, aliquot up 2e5 live cells (Anti-CD19-scFv positive cell is 98%) into each tube. (Note: the cell viability must be ≥ 95%.) 4.Add 100 µl, 10 µg/ml of FITC-labeled Human CD19 (20-291) Protein (ACROBiosystems, Cat. No. CD9-HF2H2) or FITC-labeled Protein control into each tube, incubating at 4℃ for 1 hour. 5.Wash the cells 3 times by wash buffer and resuspend the cells in 200 µl PBS per sample. 6.Transfer the cells into flow tube and detect by Flow cytometry. 7.Analyze result using FACS Celesta software and FCS Express 6 Flow software.
  • Results:The data showed that the expression level of anti-CD19 scFv on the surface of anti-CD19 CAR-293 cells was 95.37%.

  • 293 cells were transfected with anti-CD19-scFv and RFP tag. 2e5 of the cells were stained with B. FITC-Labeled Human CD19 (20-291) (Cat. No. CD9-HF2H2, 10 µg/ml) and C. FITC-labeled protein control. A. Non-transfected 293 cells and C. FITC-labeled protein control were used as negative control. RFP was used to evaluate CAR (anti-CD19-scFv) expression and FITC was used to evaluate the binding activity of FITC-labeled Human CD19 (20-291) (Cat. No. CD9-HF2H2).

Case No.3 Evaluation of anti-CD19 CAR expression using FITC-labeled anti-FMC63 scFv antibody

  • Reagents:FITC-Labeled Monoclonal Anti-FMC63 scFv Antibody, Mouse IgG1 (ACROBiosystems, Cat. No. FM3-FY45).

  • Samples:Anti-CD19 CAR-293 cells.

  • Brief Protocol:

    1.Culture Anti-CD19 CAR-293 cells in DMEM medium with 10% FBS in the CO2 incubator (at 37 ℃, 5% CO2). 2.Harvest the cells and wash the cells once by FACS buffer. 3.Count the cells number and the viability, aliquot up 2e5 live cells into each tube. (Note: the cell viability must ≥ 95%.) 4.Dilute FITC-Labeled Monoclonal Anti-FMC63 scFv Antibody, Mouse IgG1 (ACROBiosystems, Cat. No. FM3-FY45) in FACS buffer to get the working solution just before the assay, and then add 100 μL of the working solution into the tube with cell pellet. Mix well and incubate at 4℃ for 60 minutes. 5.Wash the cells 3 times by FACS buffer and resuspend the cell pellet in 200 μL PBS per sample. 6.Transfer the cell suspension into flow tube and detect the cells by Flow cytometry. 7. Analyze the result data using FCS Express 7 Plus and GraphPad Prism 5 software.
  • Results:The data showed that the expression level of anti-CD19 scFv on the surface of anti-CD19 CAR-293 cells was 100%.

  • 2e5 of Anti-CD19 CAR-293 cells were stained with 100 μL of 1:50 dilution (2 μL stock solution in 100 μL FACS buffer) FITC-Labeled Monoclonal Anti-FMC63 scFv Antibody, Mouse IgG1 (Cat. No. FM3-FY45) and isotype control respectively. FITC signal was used to evaluate the binding activity .

Case No.4 Evaluation of anti-MSLN CAR expression using PE-labeled MSLN protein

  • Reagents:PE-labeled Human Mesothelin / MSLN (296-580) Protein (ACROBiosystems, Cat. No. MSN-HP2H5).

  • Samples:Anti-MSLN CAR-293 cells

  • Brief Protocol:

    1.Culture anti-MSLN CAR-293 cells in DMEM medium with 10% FBS in the CO2 incubator (at 37 ℃, 5% CO2). 2.Harvest the cells and wash the cells once by wash buffer. 3.Count the cells number and the viability, aliquot up 1e6 live cells into each tube. 4.Add 100 µl of diluted PE-labeled Human Mesothelin (296-580) Protein (Cat. No. MSN-HP2H5) (prepared in dilution buffer at 1:50 dilution) into each tube, incubating at 4℃ for 1 hour. 5.Wash the cells 3 times by wash buffer and resuspend the cells in 200 µl PBS per sample. 6.Transfer the cells into flow tube and detect by Flow cytometry. 7.Analyze result using FACS Celesta software and FCS Express 6 Flow software.
  • Results:The data showed that the expression level of anti-MSLN scFv on the surface of anti-MSLN CAR-293 cells was 100 %.

  • 1e6 of the anti-MSLN CAR-293 cells were stained with 100 μL of 1:50 dilution (2 μL stock solution in 100 μL FACS buffer) of PE-Labeled Human Mesothelin (296-580) Protein, His Tag (Cat. No. MSN-HP2H5) and negative control protein respectively, PE signal was used to evaluate the binding activity.

Case No.5 Evaluation of the detection specificity of CD19, Fc Tag

  • Reagents:Human CD19 Protein, Fc Tag (ACROBiosystems, Cat. No. CD9-H5259);Human CD19 Protein ,Fc Tag (Company N);Human PD-L1 Protein, Fc Tag (ACROBiosystems, Cat. No. PD1-H5258), as negative control;FITC anti-human IgG Fc antibody (Biolegend, Cat. No. 409310).

  • Cells:R1013-C6 cells (Transfected 293 cells expressing the anti-CD19 [FCM63] scFv & RFP tag); Expi 293 cells; Jurkat E6.1 cells.

  • Brief Protocol:

    1.Cells were stained for CAR expression using ACRO’s human CD19 protein, Fc Tag or Company N’s human CD19 protein, Fc Tag;2.After washing, secondary labeling was performed with FITC anti-human IgG Fc antibody;3.The cells were analyzed using NovoCyteTM flow cytometer and the data analyzed by FCS Express 6 Plus and GraphPad Prism 5 software.
  • Results:The data shows that Company N’s human CD19-Fc fusion protein exhibits strong non-specific binding to 293 and Jurkat cells.

  • Binding specificity analysis of ACROBiosystems hCD19(C-Fc tag) protein

    FACS analysis of human CD19 protein, Fc Tag (ACROBiosystems, Cat. No. CD9-H5259) binding to A. R1013-C6 cells, B. Expi 293 cells, C. Jurkat E6.1 cells. Cells were first stained with human CD19 protein, Fc Tag (ACROBiosystems, Cat. No. CD9-H5259) followed by FITC anti-human IgG Fc antibody, and then analyzed using NovoCyteTM Flow Cytometer. The data were analyzed with FCS Express 6Plus and GraphPad Prism 5 software.


  • Binding specificity analysis of Company N hCD19(C-Fc tag) protein

    FACS analysis of human CD19 protein, Fc Tag (Company N) binding to A. R1013-C6 cells, B. Expi 293 cells, C. Jurkat E6.1 cells. Cells were first stained with human CD19 protein, Fc Tag (Company N) followed by FITC anti-human IgG Fc antibody, and then analyzed using NovoCyteTM Flow Cytometer. The data were analyzed with FCS Express 6Plus and GraphPad Prism 5 software.

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